Peoples of central Mali and their grasshoppers: the good, the bad, and the cute
Ljudi iz centralnoj Mali i jih poljne koniky: dobry, zly i krasivy

Jeffrey HEATH

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Abstract: Grasshoppers of the families Acrididae and Pyrgomorphidae are common and well-known to the inhabitants of northern Dogon country and adjacent parts of central Mali in interior West Africa. Several species are notorious pests of crops including the staple cereal (pearl millet). In recent memory there was one notable locust invasion, in 2004, and two others occurred in the previous century. Species of seven genera of Acrididae (Kraussaria, Kraussella, Acorypha, Hieroglyphus, Diabolocatantops, Anacridium, and Ornithacris) are regularly consumed by Dogon after light cooking, while other large grasshopper species (notably those of subfamilies Eyprepocnemidinae and Oedipodinae) are eschewed. A link to a short documentary depicting a hunt for edible species is provided. A few species are recognized for their aesthetic attractiveness. The native nomenclature for one Dogon language (Toro Tegu) is given with detailed comments. Lists of native names for other Dogon languages, Bangime, and two montane Songhay languages are presented in an appendix with brief comments.

Abstrakcijny: Poljne koniki iz rodiny Acrididae i Pyrgomorphidae sųt obyčne i mnogo znajeme domoviteljam sěvernoj krajiny Dogonov i sųsědnjih čęsti centralnogo Mali vo vnųtrnoj Zapadnoj Afrikě. Nemnogo jih taksonomskyh vidov notorično škodi råstlinam vključajųći osnovnų hlěbnų råstlinų(perlovo proso – Pennisetum glaucum). Nedavno byla jedna važna invazija poljnyh konikov, v 2004, a dvě ine byli v prošlom stolětji. Taksonomske vidy sedmi rodov Acrididae (Kraussaria, Kraussella, Acorypha, Hěroglyphus, Diabolocatantops, Anacridium, i Ornithacris) sųt regularno jedane Dogonami poslě malogo varjenja, hoti ine velike taksonomske vidy poljnyh konikov sųt njimi opušćane. Jest link k kråtkomu dokumentu objavjajųćemu lovjenje jedlivyh vidov. Nemnoge taksonomske vidy sųt poznane kako estetično pritęglive. Davamo takože rodimo imenovanje jednogo iz dogonskyh językov (Toro Tegu) zajedno s detaljevanymi komentarami. Spis rodnyh imen iz inyh dogonskyh językov, Bangime i dvoh gorskyh językov Songhay sųt prědstavjene v dodatku s kråtkymi komentarami.

Keywords: Orthoptera, locusts, entomophagy, Dogon, Songhay, Bangande, Mali

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Contact information: jheath@umich.edu

Please cite as: Heath, J. Peoples of central Mali and their grasshoppers: the good, the bad, and the cute. Ethnoentomology 2, pp. 35–51, 2018. 

Ethnoentomology 2018

Volume: 2

Page range: 35–51

First published online: 17.9.2018

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Ethnoentomology

an Open Journal of Ethnoentomology and Cultural Entomology

 

ISSN 2570-804X (online)